Student Code of Conduct

STUDENT CODE OF CONDUCT
Purpose

The Student Code of Conduct is the district’s response to the requirements of Chapter 37 of the Texas
Education Code.

The Code provides methods and options for managing students in the classroom and on school
grounds, disciplining students, and preventing and intervening in student discipline problems.
The law requires the district to define misconduct that may—or must—result in a range of specific
disciplinary consequences including removal from a regular classroom or campus, out-of-school
suspension, placement in a disciplinary alternative education program (DAEP), or expulsion from
school.

This Student Code of Conduct has been adopted by the Athens Independent School District Board of
Trustees and developed with the advice of the district-level committee. This Code provides
information to parents and students regarding standards of conduct, consequences of misconduct, and
procedures for administering discipline.

In accordance with state law, the Code shall be posted at each school campus or shall be available for
review at the office of the campus principal. Additionally, the Code shall be posted on the district’s
Web site. Parents shall be notified of any conduct violation that may result in a student being
suspended, placed in a DAEP, or expelled.

Because the Student Code of Conduct is adopted by the district’s board of trustees, it has the force of
policy; therefore, in case of conflict between the Code and the student handbook, the Code shall
prevail.

Please Note: The discipline of students with disabilities who are eligible for services under federal law
(Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973) is
subject to the provisions of those laws.

School District Authority and Jurisdiction
School rules and the authority of the district to administer discipline apply whenever the interest of the
district is involved, on or off school grounds, in conjunction with or independent of classes and school sponsored activities.
The district has disciplinary authority over a student:
1. During the regular school day and while the student is going to and from school on district
transportation;
2. During lunch periods in which a student is allowed to leave campus;
3. While the student is in attendance at any school-related activity, regardless of time or location;
4. For any school-related misconduct, regardless of time or location;
5. When retaliation against a school employee or volunteer occurs or is threatened, regardless of
time or location;
6. When criminal mischief is committed on or off school property or at a school-related event;
7. For certain offenses committed within 300 feet of school property as measured from any point
on the school’s real property boundary line;
8. For certain offenses committed while on school property or while attending a school-sponsored
or school-related activity of another district in Texas;
9. When the student commits a felony, as provided by Education Code 37.006 or 37.0081; and
10. When the student is required to register as a sex offender.
The district has the right to search a vehicle driven to school by a student and parked on school
property whenever there is reasonable cause to believe it contains articles or materials prohibited by the
district.

The district has the right to search a student’s locker or desk when there is reasonable cause to believe
it contains articles or materials prohibited by the district.

Reporting Crimes
School administrators shall report crimes as required by law and shall call local law enforcement when
an administrator suspects that a crime has been committed on campus.

Revoking Transfers
The district has the right to revoke the transfer of a nonresident student for violating the district’s Code.

Participating in Graduation Activities
The district has the right to limit a student’s participation in graduation activities for violating the
district’s Code.
Participation might include a speaking role, as established by district policy and procedures.
Students eligible to give the opening and closing remarks at graduation shall be notified by the
campus principal.
Notwithstanding any other eligibility requirements, in order to be considered as an
eligible student to give the opening or closing remarks, a student shall not have engaged in any
misconduct in violation of the district’s Code resulting in an out-of-school suspension, removal to a
DAEP, or expulsion during the semester immediately preceding graduation.
The valedictorian and salutatorian may also have speaking roles at graduation. No student shall
be eligible to have such a speaking role if he or she engaged in any misconduct in violation of the
district’s Code resulting in an out-of-school suspension, removal to a DAEP, or expulsion during
the semester immediately preceding graduation.


See DAEP—Restrictions During Placement on page 17, for information regarding a student assigned
to DAEP at the time of graduation.

Standards for Student Conduct
Each student is expected to:
• Demonstrate courtesy, even when others do not.
• Behave in a responsible manner, always exercising self-discipline.
• Attend all classes, regularly and on time.
• Prepare for each class; take appropriate materials and assignments to class.
• Meet district and campus standards of grooming and dress.
• Obey all campus and classroom rules.
• Respect the rights and privileges of students, teachers, and other district staff and volunteers.
• .Respect the property of others, including district property and facilities.
• Cooperate with and assist the school staff in maintaining safety, order, and discipline.
• Adhere to the requirements of the Student Code of Conduct.
General Conduct Violations
The categories of conduct below are prohibited at school and all school-related activities, but the list
does not include the most severe offenses. In the subsequent sections on Out-of-School Suspension,
DAEP Placement, Placement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses, and Expulsion, certain offenses
that require or permit specific consequences are listed. Any offense, however, may be severe enough
to result in Removal from the Regular Educational Setting as detailed in that section.

Disregard for Authority
Students shall not:
• Fail to comply with directives given by school personnel (insubordination).
• Leave school grounds or school-sponsored events without permission.
• Disobey rules for conduct on school buses.
• Refuse to accept discipline management techniques assigned by a teacher or principal.
Mistreatment of Others
Students shall not:
• Use profanity or vulgar language or make obscene gestures.
• Fight or scuffle. (For assault see DAEP Placement and Expulsion.)
• Threaten a district student, employee, or volunteer, including off school property, if the conduct
causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment.
• Engage in bullying, harassment, or making hit lists. (See glossary for all three terms.)
• Engage in conduct that constitutes sexual or gender-based harassment or sexual abuse, whether
by word, gesture, or any other conduct, directed toward another person, including a district
student, employee, or volunteer.
• Engage in conduct that constitutes dating violence. (See glossary.)
• Engage in inappropriate or indecent exposure of private body parts.
• Participate in hazing. (See glossary.)
• Cause an individual to act through the use of or threat of force (coercion).
• Commit extortion or blackmail (obtaining money or an object of value from an unwilling
person).
• Engage in inappropriate verbal, physical, or sexual conduct directed toward another person,
including a district student, employee, or volunteer.
• Record the voice or image of another without the prior consent of the individuals being
recorded or in any way that disrupts the educational environment or invades the privacy of
others.
Property Offenses
Students shall not:
• Damage or vandalize property owned by others. (For felony criminal mischief see DAEP
Placement or Expulsion.)
• Deface or damage school property—including textbooks, lockers, furniture, and other
equipment—with graffiti or by other means.
• Steal from students, staff, or the school.
• Commit or assist in a robbery or theft even if it does not constitute a felony according to the
Texas Penal Code. (For felony robbery, aggravated robbery, and theft see DAEP Placement and
Expulsion.)
Possession of Prohibited Items
Students shall not possess or use:
• Fireworks of any kind, smoke or stink bombs, or any other pyrotechnic device;
• A razor, box cutter, chain, or any other object used in a way that threatens or inflicts bodily
injury to another person;
• A “look-alike” weapon;
• An air gun or BB gun;
• Ammunition;
• A stun gun;
• A pocketknife or any other small knife;
• Mace or pepper spray;
• Pornographic material;
• Tobacco products;
• Matches or a lighter;
• A laser pointer for other than an approved use; or
• Any articles not generally considered to be weapons, including school supplies, when the
principal or designee determines that a danger exists. (For weapons and firearms see DAEP
Placement and Expulsion.)
Possession of Telecommunications or Other Electronic Devices
Students shall not:
• Use a telecommunications device, including a cellular telephone, or other electronic device in
violation of district and campus rules.
Illegal, Prescription, and Over-the-Counter Drugs
Students shall not:
• Possess or sell seeds or pieces of marijuana in less than a usable amount. (For illegal drugs,
alcohol, and inhalants see DAEP Placement and Expulsion.)
• Possess, use, give, or sell paraphernalia related to any prohibited substance. (See glossary for
“paraphernalia.”)
• Possess or sell look-alike drugs or attempt to pass items off as drugs or contraband. Abuse the
student’s own prescription drug, give a prescription drug to another student, or possess or be
under the influence of another person’s prescription drug on school property or at a schoolrelated
event. (See glossary for “abuse.”)
• Abuse over-the-counter drugs. (See glossary for “abuse.”) Be under the influence of
prescription or over-the-counter drugs that cause impairment of the physical or mental
faculties. (See glossary for “under the influence.”)
• Have or take prescription drugs or over-the-counter drugs at school other than as provided by
district policy.
Misuse of Technology Resources and the Internet
Students shall not:
• Violate policies, rules, or agreements signed by the student or the student’s parent regarding the
use of technology resources.
• Attempt to access or circumvent passwords or other security-related information of the district,
students, or employees or upload or create computer viruses, including off school property if the
conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment.
• Attempt to alter, destroy, or disable district technology resources including but not limited to
computers and related equipment, district data, the data of others, or other networks connected
to the district’s system, including off school property if the conduct causes a substantial
disruption to the educational environment.
• Use the Internet or other electronic communications to threaten district students, employees, or
volunteers, including off school property if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the
educational environment.
• Send, post, or possess electronic messages that are abusive, obscene, sexually oriented,
threatening, harassing, damaging to another’s reputation, or illegal, including cyberbullying and
“sexting,” either on or off school property, if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the
educational environment.
• Use e-mail or Web sites to engage in or encourage illegal behavior or threaten school safety,
including off school property if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational
environment.
Safety Transgressions
Students shall not:
• Possess published or electronic material that is designed to promote or encourage illegal
behavior or that could threaten school safety.
• Engage in verbal (oral or written) exchanges that threaten the safety of another student, a school
employee, or school property.
• Make false accusations or perpetrate hoaxes regarding school safety.
• Engage in any conduct that school officials might reasonably believe will substantially disrupt
the school program or incite violence.
• Throw objects that can cause bodily injury or property damage.
• Discharge a fire extinguisher without valid cause.
Miscellaneous Offenses
Students shall not:
• Violate dress and grooming standards as communicated in the student handbook.
• Cheat or copy the work of another.
• Gamble.
• Falsify records, passes, or other school-related documents.
• Engage in actions or demonstrations that substantially disrupt or materially interfere with school
activities.
• Repeatedly violate other communicated campus or classroom standards of conduct.
The district may impose campus or classroom rules in addition to those found in the Code. These rules
may be posted in classrooms or given to the student and may or may not constitute violations of the
Code.

Discipline Management Techniques

Discipline shall be designed to improve conduct and to encourage students to adhere to their
responsibilities as members of the school community. Disciplinary action shall draw on the
professional judgment of teachers and administrators and on a range of discipline management
techniques. Discipline shall be correlated to the seriousness of the offense, the student’s age and grade
level, the frequency of misbehavior, the student’s attitude, the effect of the misconduct on the school
environment, and statutory requirements.

Because of these factors, discipline for a particular offense, unless otherwise specified by law, may
bring into consideration varying techniques and responses.

Students with Disabilities

The discipline of students with disabilities is subject to applicable state and federal law in addition to
the Student Code of Conduct. To the extent any conflict exists, state and/or federal law shall prevail.
In accordance with the Education Code, a student who is enrolled in a special education program may
not be disciplined for conduct meeting the definition of bullying, harassment, or making hit lists (see
glossary) until an ARD committee meeting has been held to review the conduct.

In deciding whether to order suspension, DAEP placement, or expulsion, regardless of whether the
action is mandatory or discretionary, the district shall take into consideration a disability that
substantially impairs the student’s capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the student’s conduct.

Techniques
The following discipline management techniques may be used—alone or in combination—for behavior
prohibited by the Student Code of Conduct or by campus or classroom rules:
• Verbal correction, oral or written.
• Cooling-off time or “time-out.”
• Seating changes within the classroom.
• Temporary confiscation of items that disrupt the educational process.
• Rewards or demerits.
• Behavioral contracts.
• Counseling by teachers, counselors, or administrative personnel.
• Parent-teacher conferences.
• Grade reductions for cheating, plagiarism, and as otherwise permitted by policy.
• Detention, including outside regular school hours.
• Sending the student to the office or other assigned area, or to in-school suspension.
• Assignment of school duties such as cleaning or picking up litter.
• Withdrawal of privileges, such as participation in extracurricular activities, eligibility for
seeking and holding honorary offices, or membership in school-sponsored clubs and
organizations.
• Penalties identified in individual student organizations’ extracurricular standards of behavior.
• Withdrawal or restriction of bus privileges.
• School-assessed and school-administered probation.
• Corporal punishment, unless the student’s parent or guardian has provided a signed statement
prohibiting its use.
• Out-of-school suspension, as specified in the Out-of-School Suspension section of this Code.
• Placement in a DAEP, as specified in the DAEP section of this Code.
• Placement and/or expulsion in an alternative educational setting, as specified in the Placement
and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses section of this Code.
• Expulsion, as specified in the Expulsion section of this Code.
• Referral to an outside agency or legal authority for criminal prosecution in addition to
disciplinary measures imposed by the district.
• Other strategies and consequences as determined by school officials.
Notification
The principal or appropriate administrator shall notify a student’s parent by phone or in writing of any
violation that may result in a detention outside of regular school hours, out-of-school suspension,
placement in a DAEP, or expulsion. Notification will be made within three school days after the
administrator becomes aware of the violation.

Appeals
Questions from parents regarding disciplinary measures should be addressed to the teacher or campus
administration, as appropriate. Appeals or complaints regarding the use of specific discipline
management techniques should be addressed in accordance with policy FNG(LOCAL). A copy of the
policy may be obtained from the principal’s office or the central administration office or through Policy
On Line at the following address: www.athensisd.net. Consequences shall not be deferred pending the
outcome of a grievance.

Removal from the Regular Educational Setting
In addition to other discipline management techniques, misconduct may result in removal from the
regular educational setting in the form of a routine referral or a formal removal.

Routine Referral
A routine referral occurs when a teacher sends a student to the principal’s office as a discipline
management technique. The principal may then employ additional techniques.

Formal Removal
A teacher or administrator may remove a student from class for a behavior that violates this Code to
maintain effective discipline in the classroom. A teacher may also initiate a formal removal from class
if:
1. The student’s behavior has been documented by the teacher as repeatedly interfering with the teacher’s ability to teach his or her class or with the student’s classmates’ ability to learn; or
2. The behavior is so unruly, disruptive, or abusive that the teacher cannot teach, and the students in the classroom cannot learn.
A teacher or administrator must remove a student from class if the student engages in behavior that
under the Education Code requires or permits the student to be placed in a DAEP or expelled. When
removing for those reasons, the procedures in the subsequent sections on DAEP or expulsion will be
followed. Otherwise, within three school days of the formal removal, the appropriate administrator
shall schedule a conference with the student’s parent; the student; the teacher, in the case of removal by
a teacher; and any other administrator.

At the conference, the appropriate administrator shall inform the student of the misconduct for which
he or she is charged and the consequences. The administrator shall give the student an opportunity to
give his or her version of the incident.

When a student is removed from the regular classroom by a teacher and a conference is pending, the
principal may place the student in:
• Another appropriate classroom.
• In-school suspension.
• Out-of-school suspension.
• DAEP
Returning Student to Classroom
When a student has been formally removed from class by a teacher for conduct against the teacher
containing the elements of assault, aggravated assault, sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault,
murder, capital murder, or criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder, the student may not be
returned to the teacher’s class without the teacher’s consent.

When a student has been formally removed by a teacher for any other conduct, the student may be
returned to the teacher’s class without the teacher’s consent, if the placement review committee
determines that the teacher’s class is the best or only alternative available.

Out-of-School Suspension


Misconduct
Students may be suspended for any behavior listed in the Code as a general conduct violation, DAEP
offense, or expellable offense.
In deciding whether to order out-of-school suspension, the district shall take into consideration:
1. Self-defense (see glossary),
2. Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct, and
3. The student’s disciplinary history.
Process
State law allows a student to be suspended for no more than three school days per behavior violation,
with no limit on the number of times a student may be suspended in a semester or school year.

Before being suspended a student shall have an informal conference with the appropriate administrator,
who shall advise the student of the conduct of which he or she is accused. The student shall be given
the opportunity to explain his or her version of the incident before the administrator’s decision is made.

The number of days of a student’s suspension shall be determined by the appropriate administrator, but
shall not exceed three school days.

The appropriate administrator shall determine any restrictions on participation in school-sponsored or
school-related extracurricular and cocurricular activities.

Disciplinary Alternative Education Program (DAEP) Placement
The DAEP shall be provided in a setting other than the student’s regular classroom. An elementary
school student may not be placed in a DAEP with a student who is not an elementary school student.

For purposes of DAEP, elementary classification shall be kindergarten–grade 5 and secondary
classification shall be grades 6–12.

Summer programs provided by the district shall serve students assigned to a DAEP separately from
those students who are not assigned to the program.

A student who is expelled for an offense that otherwise would have resulted in a DAEP placement does
not have to be placed in a DAEP in addition to the expulsion.

In deciding whether to place a student in a DAEP, regardless of whether the action is mandatory or
discretionary, the district shall take into consideration:
1. Self-defense (see glossary),
2. Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct, and
3. The student’s disciplinary history.
Discretionary Placement: Misconduct That May Result in DAEP Placement
A student may be placed in a DAEP for behaviors prohibited in the General Conduct Violations section
of this Code.

Misconduct Identified in State Law
In accordance with state law, a student may be placed in a DAEP for any one of the following offenses:
• Involvement in a public school fraternity, sorority, or secret society, including participating as a
member or pledge, or soliciting another person to become a pledge or member of a public
school fraternity, sorority, secret society, or gang. (See glossary.)
• Involvement in criminal street gang activity. (See glossary.)
• Any criminal mischief, including a felony.
In accordance with state law, a student may be placed in a DAEP if the superintendent or the
superintendent’s designee has reasonable belief (see glossary) that the student has engaged in conduct
punishable as a felony, other than aggravated robbery or those listed as offenses involving injury to a
person in Title 5 (see glossary) of the Texas Penal Code, that occurs off school property and not at a
school-sponsored or school-related event, if the student’s presence in the regular classroom threatens
the safety of other students or teachers or will be detrimental to the educational process.

The appropriate administrator may, but is not required to, place a student in a DAEP for off-campus
conduct for which DAEP placement is required by state law if the administrator does not have
knowledge of the conduct before the first anniversary of the date the conduct occurred.

Mandatory Placement: Misconduct That Requires DAEP Placement
A student must be placed in a DAEP if the student:
• Engages in conduct relating to a false alarm or report (including a bomb threat) or a terroristic
threat involving a public school. (See glossary.)
• Commits the following offenses on school property or within 300 feet of school property as
measured from any point on the school’s real property boundary line, or while attending a
school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property:
• Engages in conduct punishable as a felony.
• Commits an assault (see glossary) under Texas Penal Code 22.01(a)(1).
• Sells, gives, or delivers to another person, or possesses, uses, or is under the influence of marijuana, a controlled substance, or a dangerous drug in an amount not constituting a felony offense. (School-related felony drug offenses are addressed in the Expulsion section.) (See glossary for “under the influence.”)
• Sells, gives, or delivers to another person an alcoholic beverage; commits a serious act or offense while under the influence of alcohol; or possesses, uses, or is under the influence of alcohol, if the conduct is not punishable as a felony offense. (School related felony alcohol offenses are addressed in the Expulsion section.)
• Behaves in a manner that contains the elements of an offense relating to abusable volatile chemicals.
• Behaves in a manner that contains the elements of the offense of public lewdness or indecent exposure.
• Engages in expellable conduct and is between six and nine years of age.
• Commits a federal firearms violation and is younger than six years of age.
• Engages in conduct that contains the elements of the offense of retaliation against any school
employee or volunteer on or off school property. (Committing retaliation in combination with
another expellable offense is addressed in the Expulsion section of this Code.)
• Engages in conduct punishable as aggravated robbery or a felony listed under Title 5 (see
glossary) of the Texas Penal Code when the conduct occurs off school property and not at a
school-sponsored or school-related event and:
1. The student receives deferred prosecution (see glossary),
2. A court or jury finds that the student has engaged in delinquent conduct (see glossary), or
3. The superintendent or designee has a reasonable belief (see glossary) that the student engaged in
the conduct.

Sexual Assault and Campus Assignments
If a student has been convicted of continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children or convicted of
or placed on deferred adjudication for sexual assault or aggravated sexual assault against another
student on the same campus, and if the victim’s parent or another person with the authority to act on
behalf of the victim requests that the board transfer the offending student to another campus, the
offending student shall be transferred to another campus in the district. If there is no other campus in
the district serving the grade level of the offending student, the offending student shall be transferred to
a DAEP.

Emergencies
In an emergency, the principal or the principal’s designee may order the immediate placement of a
student in a DAEP for any reason for which placement in a DAEP may be made on a nonemergency
basis.

Process
Removals to a DAEP shall be made by the Campus Principal or designee.

Conference
When a student is removed from class for a DAEP offense, the appropriate administrator shall schedule
a conference within three school days with the student’s parent, the student, and the teacher, in the case
of a teacher removal.

At the conference, the appropriate administrator shall inform the student, orally or in writing, of the
reasons for the removal and shall give the student an explanation of the basis for the removal and an
opportunity to respond to the reasons for the removal.

Following valid attempts to require attendance, the district may hold the conference and make a
placement decision regardless of whether the student or the student’s parents attend the conference.

Placement Order
After the conference, if the student is placed in the DAEP, the appropriate administrator shall write a
placement order. A copy of the DAEP placement order shall be sent to the student and the student’s
parent.

Not later than the second business day after the conference, the board’s designee shall deliver to the
juvenile court a copy of the placement order and all information required by Section 52.04 of the
Family Code.

If the student is placed in the DAEP and the length of placement is inconsistent with the guidelines
included in this Code, the placement order shall give notice of the inconsistency.

Coursework Notice
The parent or guardian of a student placed in DAEP shall be given written notice of the student’s
opportunity to complete coursework required for graduation, at no cost to the student. The notice shall
include information regarding all methods available for completing the coursework.

Length of Placement
The duration of a student’s placement in a DAEP shall be determined by the Campus Principal or
designee.

The duration of a student’s placement shall be determined on a case-by-case basis. DAEP placement
shall be correlated to the seriousness of the offense, the student’s age and grade level, the frequency of
misconduct, the student’s attitude, and statutory requirements.

The maximum period of DAEP placement shall be one calendar year except as provided below.
The district shall administer the required pre- and post-assessments for students assigned to DAEP for a
period of 90 days or longer in accordance with established district administrative procedures for
administering other diagnostic or benchmark assessments.

Exceeds One Year
Placement in a DAEP may exceed one year when a review by the district determines that:
1. The student is a threat to the safety of other students or to district employees, or
2. Extended placement is in the best interest of the student.
The statutory limitations on the length of a DAEP placement do not apply to a placement resulting from
the board’s decision to place a student who engaged in the sexual assault of another student so that the
students are not assigned to the same campus.

Exceeds School Year
Students who commit offenses requiring placement in a DAEP at the end of one school year may be
required to continue that placement at the start of the next school year to complete the assigned term of
placement.

For placement in a DAEP to extend beyond the end of the school year, the Campus Principal or
designee must determine that:
1. The student’s presence in the regular classroom or campus presents a danger of physical harm to the student or others, or
2. The student has engaged in serious or persistent misbehavior (see glossary) that violates the district’s Code.
Exceeds 60 Days
For placement in a DAEP to extend beyond 60 days or the end of the next grading period, whichever is
sooner, a student’s parent shall be given notice and the opportunity to participate in a proceeding before
the board or the board’s designee.

Appeals
Questions from parents regarding disciplinary measures should be addressed to the campus
administration. Appeals regarding the decision to place a student in a DAEP should be addressed to the
Campus Principal or designee in accordance with policy FOC(LEGAL). All other appeals regarding a
placement in a DAEP should be addressed in accordance with policy FNG(LOCAL). A copy of this
policy may be obtained from the principal’s office or the central administration office or through Policy
On Line at the following address: www.athensisd.net

Disciplinary consequences shall not be deferred pending the outcome of an appeal. The decision to
place a student in a DAEP cannot be appealed beyond the board.

Restrictions during Placement

The district does not permit a student who is placed in a DAEP to participate in any school sponsored or school-related extracurricular or cocurricular activity, including seeking or holding
honorary positions and/or membership in school-sponsored clubs and organizations.


A student placed in a DAEP shall not be provided transportation unless he or she is a student with a
disability who has transportation designated as a related service in the student’s IEP.

For seniors who are eligible to graduate and are assigned to a DAEP at the time of graduation, the last
day of placement in the program shall be the last instructional day, and the student shall be allowed to
participate in the graduation ceremony and related graduation activities unless otherwise specified in
the DAEP placement order.

Placement Review

A student placed in a DAEP shall be provided a review of his or her status, including academic status,
by the Campus Principal or designee at intervals not to exceed 120 days. In the case of a high school
student, the student’s progress toward graduation and the student’s graduation plan shall also be
reviewed. At the review, the student or the student’s parent shall be given the opportunity to present
arguments for the student’s return to the regular classroom or campus. The student may not be returned
to the classroom of a teacher who removed the student without that teacher’s consent.

Additional Misconduct
If during the term of placement in a DAEP the student engages in additional misconduct for which
placement in a DAEP or expulsion is required or permitted, additional proceedings may be conducted,
and the appropriate administrator may enter an additional disciplinary order as a result of those
proceedings.

Notice of Criminal Proceedings

The office of the prosecuting attorney shall notify the district if a student was placed in a DAEP for
certain offenses including any felony, unlawful restraint, indecent exposure, assault, deadly conduct,
terroristic threats, organized crime, certain drug offenses, or possession of a weapon, and:
1. Prosecution of a student’s case was refused for lack of prosecutorial merit or insufficient
evidence and no formal proceedings, deferred adjudication (see glossary), or deferred
prosecution will be initiated; or
2. The court or jury found a student not guilty, or made a finding that the student did not engage in delinquent conduct or conduct indicating a need for supervision, and the case was dismissed with prejudice.
If a student was placed in a DAEP for such conduct, on receiving the notice from the prosecutor, the
superintendent or designee shall review the student’s placement and schedule a review with the
student’s parent not later than the third day after the superintendent or designee receives notice from the
prosecutor. The student may not be returned to the regular classroom pending the review.

After reviewing the notice and receiving information from the student’s parent, the superintendent or
designee may continue the student’s placement if there is reason to believe that the presence of the
student in the regular classroom threatens the safety of other students or teachers.

The student or the student’s parent may appeal the superintendent’s decision to the board. The student
may not be returned to the regular classroom pending the appeal. In the case of an appeal, the board
shall, at the next scheduled meeting, review the notice from the prosecutor and receive information
from the student, the student’s parent, and the superintendent or designee, and confirm or reverse the
decision of the superintendent or designee. The board shall make a record of the proceedings.

If the board confirms the decision of the superintendent or designee, the student and the student’s
parent may appeal to the Commissioner of Education. The student may not be returned to the regular
classroom pending the appeal.

Withdrawal during Process
When a student violates the district’s Code in a way that requires or permits the student to be placed in
a DAEP and the student withdraws from the district before a placement order is completed, the district
may complete the proceedings and issue a placement order. If the student then reenrolls in the district
during the same or a subsequent school year, the district may enforce the order at that time, less any
period of the placement that has been served by the student during enrollment in another district. If the
appropriate administrator or the board fails to issue a placement order after the student withdraws, the
next district in which the student enrolls may complete the proceedings and issue a placement order.

Newly Enrolled Students
The district shall continue the DAEP placement of a student who enrolls in the district and was
assigned to a DAEP in an open-enrollment charter school or another district.

A newly enrolled student with a DAEP placement from a district in another state shall be placed as any
other newly enrolled student if the behavior committed is a reason for DAEP placement in the
receiving district.

If the student was placed in a DAEP by a school district in another state for a period that exceeds one
year, this district, by state law, shall reduce the period of the placement so that the total placement does
not exceed one year. After a review, however, the placement may be extended beyond a year if the
district determines that the student is a threat to the safety of other students or employees or the
extended placement is in the best interest of the student.

Emergency Placement Procedure
When an emergency placement occurs, the student shall be given oral notice of the reason for the
action. Not later than the tenth day after the date of the placement, the student shall be given the
appropriate conference required for assignment to a DAEP.

Placement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses
This section includes two categories of offenses for which the Education Code provides unique
procedures and specific consequences.

Registered Sex Offenders
Upon receiving notification in accordance with state law that a student is currently required to register
as a sex offender, the administration must remove the student from the regular classroom and determine
appropriate placement unless the court orders JJAEP placement.

If the student is under any form of court supervision, including probation, community supervision, or
parole, the placement shall be in either DAEP or JJAEP for at least one semester.

If the student is not under any form of court supervision, the placement may be in DAEP or JJAEP for
one semester or the placement may be in a regular classroom. The placement may not be in the regular
classroom if the board or its designee determines that the student’s presence:
1. Threatens the safety of other students or teachers,
2. Will be detrimental to the educational process, or
3. Is not in the best interests of the district’s students.
Review Committee
At the end of the first semester of a student’s placement in an alternative educational setting and before
the beginning of each school year for which the student remains in an alternative placement, the district
shall convene a committee, in accordance with state law, to review the student’s placement. The
committee shall recommend whether the student should return to the regular classroom or remain in the
placement. Absent a special finding, the board or its designee must follow the committee’s
recommendation.

The placement review of a student with a disability who receives special education services must be
made by the ARD committee.

Newly Enrolled Student

If a student enrolls in the district during a mandatory placement as a registered sex offender, the district
may count any time already spent by the student in a placement or may require an additional semester
in an alternative placement without conducting a review of the placement.

Appeal
A student or the student’s parent may appeal the placement by requesting a conference between the
board or its designee, the student, and the student’s parent. The conference is limited to the factual
question of whether the student is required to register as a sex offender. Any decision of the board or
its designee under this section is final and may not be appealed.

Certain Felonies
Regardless of whether placement or expulsion is required or permitted by one of the reasons in the
DAEP Placement or Expulsion sections, in accordance with Education Code 37.0081, a student may be
expelled and placed in either DAEP or JJAEP if the board or its designee makes certain findings and
the following circumstances exist in relation to aggravated robbery or a felony offense under Title 5
(see glossary) of the Texas Penal Code. The student must:
• Have received deferred prosecution for conduct defined as aggravated robbery or a Title 5
felony offense;
• Have been found by a court or jury to have engaged in delinquent conduct for conduct defined
as aggravated robbery or a Title 5 felony offense;
• Have been charged with engaging in conduct defined as aggravated robbery or a Title 5 felony offense;
• Have been referred to a juvenile court for allegedly engaging in delinquent conduct for conduct
defined as aggravated robbery or a Title 5 felony offense; or
• Have received probation or deferred adjudication or have been arrested for, charged with, or
convicted of aggravated robbery or a Title 5 felony offense.
The district may expel the student and order placement under these circumstances regardless of:
1. The date on which the student’s conduct occurred,
2. The location at which the conduct occurred,
3. Whether the conduct occurred while the student was enrolled in the district, or
4. Whether the student has successfully completed any court disposition requirements
    imposed in connection with the conduct.
Hearing and Required Findings
The student must first have a hearing before the board or its designee, who must determine that in
addition to the circumstances above that allow for the expulsion, the student’s presence in the regular
classroom:
1. Threatens the safety of other students or teachers,
2. Will be detrimental to the educational process, or
3. Is not in the best interest of the district’s students.
Any decision of the board or the board’s designee under this section is final and may not be appealed.

Length of Placement

The student is subject to the placement until:
1. The student graduates from high school,
2. The charges are dismissed or reduced to a misdemeanor offense, or
3. The student completes the term of the placement or is assigned to another program.


Newly Enrolled Students
A student who enrolls in the district before completing a placement under this section from another
school district must complete the term of the placement.

Expulsion
In deciding whether to order expulsion, regardless of whether the action is mandatory or discretionary,
the district shall take into consideration:
1. Self-defense (see glossary),
2. Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct, and
3. The student’s disciplinary history.
Discretionary Expulsion: Misconduct That May Result in Expulsion

Any Location
A student may be expelled for:
• Engaging in the following, no matter where it takes place:
• Conduct that contains the elements of assault under Penal Code 22.01(a)(1) in retaliation against a school employee or volunteer.
• Criminal mischief, if punishable as a felony.
• Engaging in conduct that contains the elements of one of the following offenses against another
student, without regard to where the conduct occurs:
• Aggravated assault.
• Sexual assault.
• Aggravated sexual assault.
• Murder.
• Capital murder.
• Criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder.
• Aggravated robbery.
• Breach of computer security.
• Engaging in conduct relating to a false alarm or report (including a bomb threat) or a terroristic threat involving a public school.
At School, Within 300 Feet, or at a School Event
A student may be expelled for committing any of the following offenses on or within 300 feet of school
property, as measured from any point on the school’s real property boundary line, or while attending a
school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property:
• Selling, giving, or delivering to another person, or possessing, using, or being under the
influence of marijuana, a controlled substance, or a dangerous drug, if the conduct is not
punishable as a felony. (See glossary for “under the influence.”)
• Selling, giving, or delivering to another person, or possessing, using, or being under the
influence of alcohol; or committing a serious act or offense while under the influence of
alcohol, if the conduct is not punishable as a felony.
• Engaging in conduct that contains the elements of an offense relating to abusable volatile
chemicals.
• Engaging in conduct that contains the elements of assault under Section 22.01(a)(1) against an employee or a volunteer.
• Engaging in deadly conduct. (See glossary.)
Within 300 Feet of School
A student may be expelled for engaging in the following conduct while within 300 feet of school
property, as measured from any point on the school’s real property boundary line:
• Aggravated assault, sexual assault, or aggravated sexual assault.
• Arson. (See glossary.)
• Murder, capital murder, or criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder.
• Indecency with a child, aggravated kidnapping, manslaughter, criminally negligent homicide, or
aggravated robbery.
• Continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children.
• Felony drug- or alcohol-related offense.
• Use, exhibition, or possession of a firearm (as defined by state law), an illegal knife, a club, or
prohibited weapon, or possession of a firearm (as defined by federal law).
Property of Another District
A student may be expelled for committing any offense that is a state-mandated expellable offense if the
offense is committed on the property of another district in Texas or while the student is attending a
school-sponsored or school-related activity of a school in another district in Texas.

While in DAEP
A student may be expelled for engaging in documented serious misbehavior that violates the district’s
Code, despite documented behavioral interventions while placed in a DAEP. For purposes of
discretionary expulsion from a DAEP, serious misbehavior means:

1. Deliberate violent behavior that poses a direct threat to the health or safety of others;
2. Extortion, meaning the gaining of money or other property by force or threat;
3. Conduct that constitutes coercion, as defined by Section 1.07, Penal Code; or
4. Conduct that constitutes the offense of:
1. Public lewdness under Section 21.07, Penal Code;
2. Indecent exposure under Section 21.08; Penal Code;
3. Criminal mischief under Section 28.03, Penal Code;
4. Personal hazing under Section 37.152; or
5. Harassment under Section 42.07(a)(1), Penal Code, of a student or district employee.
Mandatory Expulsion: Misconduct That Requires Expulsion
A student must be expelled under federal or state law for any of the following offenses that occur
on school property or while attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off
school property:


Under Federal Law

• Bringing to school a firearm, as defined by federal law. “Firearm” under federal law includes:
• Any weapon (including a starter gun) that will, is designed to, or may readily be
converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive.
• The frame or receiver of any such weapon.
• Any firearm muffler or firearm weapon.
• Any destructive device, such as any explosive, incendiary or poison gas bomb, or grenade.
• Using, exhibiting, or possessing the following, as defined by the Texas Penal Code:
• A firearm (any device designed, made, or adapted to expel a projectile through a barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance or any device readily convertible to that use), unless the use, exhibition, or possession of the firearm occurs at an off-campus approved target range facility while participating in or preparing for a school-sponsored shooting sports competition or a shooting sports educational activity that is sponsored or supported by the Parks and Wildlife Department or a shooting sports sanctioning organization working with the department.
• An illegal knife, such as a knife with a blade over 5½ inches; hand instrument,
designed to cut or stab another by being thrown; dagger, including but not limited
to a dirk, stiletto, and poniard; bowie knife; sword; or spear.
• A club (see glossary) such as an instrument specially designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with the instrument, including a blackjack, nightstick, mace, and tomahawk.
• A prohibited weapon, such as an explosive weapon, a machine gun, a short-barrel firearm, a firearm silencer, a switchblade knife, knuckles, armor-piercing ammunition, a chemical dispensing device, a zip gun, or a tire deflation device. (See glossary.)
• Behaving in a manner that contains elements of the following offenses under the Texas Penal
Code:
• Aggravated assault, sexual assault, or aggravated sexual assault.
• Arson. (See glossary.)
• Murder, capital murder, or criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder.
• Indecency with a child.
• Aggravated kidnapping.
• Aggravated robbery.
• Manslaughter.
• Criminally negligent homicide.
• Continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children.
• Behavior punishable as a felony that involves selling, giving, or delivering to another person, or possessing, using, or being under the influence of marijuana, a controlled substance, a dangerous drug, or alcohol; or committing a serious act or offense while under the influence of alcohol.
• Engaging in retaliation against a school employee or volunteer combined with one of the above listed mandatory expulsion offenses.
Under the Texas Penal Code

Under Age Ten
When a student under the age of ten engages in behavior that is expellable behavior, the student shall
not be expelled, but shall be placed in a DAEP. A student under age six shall not be placed in a DAEP
unless the student commits a federal firearm offense.

Emergency
In an emergency, the principal or the principal’s designee may order the immediate expulsion of a
student for any reason for which expulsion may be made on a nonemergency basis.

Process
If a student is believed to have committed an expellable offense, the principal or other appropriate
administrator shall schedule a hearing within a reasonable time. The student’s parent shall be invited in
writing to attend the hearing.

Until a hearing can be held, the principal may place the student in:
• Another appropriate classroom.
• In-school suspension.
• Out-of-school suspension.
• DAEP.
Hearing
A student facing expulsion shall be given a hearing with appropriate due process. The student is
entitled to:
1. Representation by the student’s parent or another adult who can provide guidance to the student
and who is not an employee of the district,
2. An opportunity to testify and to present evidence and witnesses in the student’s defense, and
3. An opportunity to question the district’s witnesses.
After providing notice to the student and parent of the hearing, the district may hold the hearing
regardless of whether the student or the student’s parent attends.

The board of trustees delegates to the Superintendent or designee authority to conduct hearings and
expel students.

Board Review of Expulsion
After the due process hearing, the expelled student may request that the board review the expulsion
decisions. The student or parent must submit a written request to the superintendent within seven days
after receipt of the written decision. The superintendent must provide the student or parent written
notice of the date, time, and place of the meeting at which the board will review the decision.

The board shall review the record of the expulsion hearing in a closed meeting unless the parent
requests in writing that the matter be held in an open meeting. The board may also hear a statement
from the student or parent and from the board’s designee.

The board shall hear statements made by the parties at the review and will base its decision on evidence
reflected in the record and any statements made by the parties at the review. The board shall make and
communicate its decision orally at the conclusion of the presentation. Consequences shall not be
deferred pending the outcome of the hearing.

Expulsion Order
After the due process hearing, if the student is expelled, the board or its designee shall deliver to the
student and the student’s parent a copy of the order expelling the student.

Not later than the second business day after the hearing, the Superintendent or designee shall deliver to
the juvenile court a copy of the expulsion order and the information required by Section 52.04 of the
Family Code.

If the length of the expulsion is inconsistent with the guidelines included in the Student Code of
Conduct, the expulsion order shall give notice of the inconsistency.

Length of Expulsion
The length of an expulsion shall be correlated to the seriousness of the offense, the student’s age and
grade level, the frequency of misbehavior, the student’s attitude, and statutory requirements.
The duration of a student’s expulsion shall be determined on a case-by-case basis. The maximum
period of expulsion is one calendar year except as provided below.

An expulsion may not exceed one year unless, after review, the district determines that:
1. The student is a threat to the safety of other students or to district employees, or
2. Extended expulsion is in the best interest of the student.
State and federal law require a student to be expelled from the regular classroom for a period of at least
one calendar year for bringing a firearm, as defined by federal law, to school. However, the
superintendent or other appropriate administrator may modify the length of the expulsion on a case-bycase
basis.

Students who commit offenses that require expulsion at the end of one school year may be expelled
into the next school year to complete the term of expulsion.

Withdrawal during Process
When a student has violated the district’s Code in a way that requires or permits expulsion from the
district and the student withdraws from the district before the expulsion hearing takes place, the district
may conduct the hearing after sending written notice to the parent and student.

If the student then reenrolls in the district during the same or subsequent school year, the district may
enforce the expulsion order at that time, less any expulsion period that has been served by the student
during enrollment in another district.

If the appropriate administrator or the board fails to issue an expulsion order after the student
withdraws, the next district in which the student enrolls may complete the proceedings.

Additional Misconduct

If during the expulsion, the student engages in additional conduct for which placement in a DAEP or
expulsion is required or permitted, additional proceedings may be conducted, and the appropriate
administrator or the board may issue an additional disciplinary order as a result of those proceedings.

Restrictions during Expulsion

Expelled students are prohibited from being on school grounds or attending school-sponsored or
school-related activities during the period of expulsion.

No district academic credit shall be earned for work missed during the period of expulsion unless the
student is enrolled in a JJAEP or another district-approved program.

Newly Enrolled Students

The district shall continue the expulsion of any newly enrolled student expelled from another district or
an open-enrollment charter school until the period of the expulsion is completed.
If a student expelled in another state enrolls in the district, the district may continue the expulsion under
the terms of the expulsion order, may place the student in a DAEP for the period specified in the order,
or may allow the student to attend regular classes if:
1. The out-of-state district provides the district with a copy of the expulsion order, and
2. The offense resulting in the expulsion is also an expellable offense in the district in which the
student is enrolling.
If a student is expelled by a district in another state for a period that exceeds one year and the district
continues the expulsion or places the student in a DAEP, the district shall reduce the period of the
expulsion or DAEP placement so that the entire period does not exceed one year, unless after a review
it is determined that:
1. The student is a threat to the safety of other students or district employees, or
2. Extended placement is in the best interest of the student.
Emergency Expulsion Procedures
When an emergency expulsion occurs, the student shall be given verbal notice of the reason for the
action. Within ten days after the date of the emergency expulsion, the student shall be given
appropriate due process required for a student facing expulsion.

DAEP Placement of Expelled Students
The district may provide educational services to any expelled student in a DAEP; however, educational
services in the DAEP must be provided if the student is less than ten years of age.

Glossary
The glossary provides legal definitions and locally established definitions and is intended to assist in
understanding terms related to the Student Code of Conduct.

Abuse is improper or excessive use.

Aggravated robbery is defined in part by Texas Penal Code 29.03(a) when a person commits robbery
and:
1. Causes serious bodily injury to another;
2. Uses or exhibits a deadly weapon; or
3. Causes bodily injury to another person or threatens or places another person in fear of imminent bodily injury or death, if the other person is:
1. 65 years of age or older, or
2. A disabled person.
Armor-piercing ammunition is handgun ammunition used in pistols and revolvers and designed
primarily for the purpose of penetrating metal or body armor.

Arson is:
1. A crime that involves starting a fire or causing an explosion with intent to destroy or damage:
1. Any vegetation, fence, or structure on open-space land; or
2. Any building, habitation, or vehicle:
1) Knowing that it is within the limits of an incorporated city or town,
2) Knowing that it is insured against damage or destruction,
3) Knowing that it is subject to a mortgage or other security interest,
4) Knowing that it is located on property belonging to another,
5) Knowing that it has located within it property belonging to another, or
6) When the person starting the fire is reckless about whether the burning or explosion
will endanger the life of some individual or the safety of the property of another.
1. A crime that involves recklessly starting a fire or causing an explosion while manufacturing or
attempting to manufacture a controlled substance and the fire or explosion damages any
building, habitation, or vehicle; or
2. A crime that involves intentionally starting a fire or causing an explosion and in so doing:
1. Recklessly damages or destroys a building belonging to another, or
2. Recklessly causes another person to suffer bodily injury or death.
Assault is defined in part by Texas Penal Code 22.01(a)(1) as intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly
causing bodily injury to another.

Bullying is when a student or group of students engages in written or verbal expression, expression
through electronic means
, or physical conduct that occurs on school property, at a school sponsored
or school-related activity, or in a vehicle operated by the district and
a school district’s
board of trustees or the board’s designee determines that the behavior:
1. Has the effect or will have the effect of physically harming a student, damaging a student’s
property, or placing a student in reasonable fear of harm to the student’s person or of damage to the student’s property; or
2. Is sufficiently severe, persistent, and pervasive enough that the action or threat creates an
intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment for a student.
This conduct is considered bullying if it:
1. Exploits an imbalance of power between the student perpetrator who is engaging in bullying
and the student victim through written or verbal expression or physical conduct; and
2. Interferes with a student’s education or substantially disrupts the operation of a school.
Chemical dispensing device is a device designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of causing an
adverse psychological or physiological effect on a human being. A small chemical dispenser sold
commercially for personal protection is not in this category.

Club is an instrument specially designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily
injury or death. A blackjack, mace, and tomahawk are in the same category.

Criminal street gang is three or more persons having a common identifying sign or symbol or an
identifiable leadership who continuously or regularly associate in the commission of criminal activities.

Cyberbullying is the use of any electronic communication device to engage in bullying or
intimidation.

Dating violence occurs when a person in a current or past dating relationship uses physical, sexual,
verbal, or emotional abuse to harm, threaten, intimidate, or control another person in the relationship.
Dating violence also occurs when a person commits these acts against a person in a marriage or dating
relationship with the individual who is or was once in a marriage or dating relationship with the person
committing the offense, as defined by Section 71.0021 of the Family Code.

Deadly conduct occurs when a person recklessly engages in conduct that places another in imminent
danger of serious bodily injury, such as knowingly discharging a firearm in the direction of an
individual, habitation, building, or vehicle.

Deferred adjudication is an alternative to seeking a conviction in court that may be offered to a
juvenile for delinquent conduct or conduct indicating a need for supervision.

Deferred prosecution may be offered to a juvenile as an alternative to seeking a conviction in court for
delinquent conduct or conduct indicating a need for supervision.

Delinquent conduct is conduct that violates either state or federal law and is punishable by
imprisonment or confinement in jail. It includes conduct that violates certain juvenile court orders,
including probation orders, but does not include violations of traffic laws.

Discretionary means that something is left to or regulated by a local decision maker.

Explosive weapon is any explosive or incendiary bomb, grenade, rocket, or mine and its delivery
mechanism that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury, death,
or substantial property damage, or for the principal purpose of causing such a loud report as to cause
undue public alarm or terror.

False Alarm or Report occurs when a person knowingly initiates, communicates, or circulates a report
of a present, past, or future bombing, fire, offense, or other emergency that he or she knows is false or
baseless and that would ordinarily:
1. Cause action by an official or volunteer agency organized to deal with emergencies;
2. Place a person in fear of imminent serious bodily injury; or
3. Prevent or interrupt the occupation of a building, room, or place of assembly.
Firearm silencer means any device designed, made, or adapted to muffle the report of a firearm.

Graffiti are markings with paint, an indelible pen or marker, or an etching or engraving device on
tangible property without the effective consent of the owner. The markings may include inscriptions,
slogans, drawings, or paintings.

Harassment is:
1. Conduct that meets the definition established in district policies DIA(LOCAL) and
FFH(LOCAL); or
2. Conduct that threatens to cause harm or bodily injury to another student, is sexually
intimidating, causes physical damage to the property of another student, subjects another
student to physical confinement or restraint, or maliciously and substantially harms another
student’s physical or emotional health or safety.
Hazing is an intentional or reckless act, on or off campus, by one person alone or acting with others,
that endangers the mental or physical health or safety of a student for the purpose of pledging, initiation
into, affiliation with, holding office in, or maintaining membership in an organization.

Hit list is a list of people targeted to be harmed, using a firearm, a knife, or any other object to be used
with intent to cause bodily harm.

Knuckles
are any instrument consisting of finger rings or guards made of a hard substance and
designed or adapted for inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with a fist enclosed
in the knuckles
.
Machine gun is any firearm that is capable of shooting more than two shots automatically, without
manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.

Mandatory means that something is obligatory or required because of an authority.

Paraphernalia are devices that can be used for inhaling, ingesting, injecting, or otherwise introducing
a controlled substance into a human body.

Possession
means to have an item on one’s person or in one’s personal property, including but not
limited to clothing, purse, or backpack; a private vehicle used for transportation to or from school or
school-related activities, including but not limited to an automobile, truck, motorcycle, or bicycle;
telecommunications or electronic devices; or any other school property used by the student, including
but not limited to a locker or desk.

Public school fraternity, sorority, secret society, or gang
means an organization composed wholly or
in part of students that seeks to perpetuate itself by taking additional members from the students
enrolled in school based on a decision of its membership rather than on the free choice of a qualified
student. Educational organizations listed in Section 37.121(d) of the Education Code are excepted from
this definition.

Reasonable belief
is a determination made by the superintendent or designee using all available
information, including the information furnished under Article 15.27 of the Code of Criminal
Procedure.

Self-defense is the use of force against another to the degree a person reasonably believes the force is
immediately necessary to protect himself or herself.

Serious misbehavior means:
1. Deliberate violent behavior that poses a direct threat to the health or safety of others;
2. Extortion, meaning the gaining of money or other property by force or threat;
3. Conduct that constitutes coercion, as defined by Section 1.07, Penal Code; or
4. Conduct that constitutes the offense of:
1. Public lewdness under Section 21.07, Penal Code;
2. Indecent exposure under Section 21.08; Penal Code;
3. Criminal mischief under Section 28.03, Penal Code;
4. Personal hazing under Section 37.152; or
5. Harassment under Section 42.07(a)(1), Penal Code, of a student or district employee.
Serious or persistent misbehavior includes but is not limited to:
Behavior that is grounds for permissible expulsion or mandatory DAEP placement.
• Behavior identified by the district as grounds for discretionary DAEP placement.

• Actions or demonstrations that substantially disrupt or materially interfere with school
activities.
Refusal to attempt or complete school work as assigned.
• Insubordination.
• Profanity, vulgar language, or obscene gestures.
• Leaving school grounds without permission.
• Falsification of records, passes, or other school-related documents.
• Refusal to accept discipline assigned by the teacher or principal.
Short-barrel firearm is a rifle with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or a shotgun with a barrel
length of less than 18 inches, or any weapon made from a rifle or shotgun that, as altered, has an
overall length of less than 26 inches.

Switchblade is any knife with a blade that folds, closes, or retracts into the handle or sheath and that
opens automatically by pressing a button or by the force of gravity or centrifugal force. The term does
not include a knife that has a spring, detent, or other mechanism designed to create a bias toward
closure and that requires exertion applied to the blade by hand, wrist, or arm to overcome the bias
toward closure and open the knife.

Terroristic threat is a threat of violence to any person or property with intent to:
1. Cause a reaction of any type by an official or volunteer agency organized to deal with
emergencies;
2. Place any person in fear of imminent serious bodily injury;
3. Prevent or interrupt the occupation or use of a building; room, place of assembly, or place to
which the public has access; place of employment or occupation; aircraft, automobile, or other
form of conveyance; or other public place;
4. Cause impairment or interruption of public communications, public transportation, public water, gas, or power supply or other public service;
5. Place the public or a substantial group of the public in fear of serious bodily injury; or
6. Influence the conduct or activities of a branch or agency of the federal government, the state, or a political subdivision of the state (including the district).
Tire deflation device is defined in part by Section 46.01 of the Penal Code as a device, including a
caltrop or spike strip, that, when driven over, impedes or stops the movement of a wheeled vehicle by
puncturing one or more of the vehicle’s tires.

Title 5 offenses are those that involve injury to a person and include murder; kidnapping; assault;
aggravated assault; sexual assault; aggravated sexual assault; unlawful restraint; indecency with a child;
injury to a child, an elderly person, or a disabled person; abandoning or endangering a child; deadly
conduct; terroristic threat; aiding a person to commit suicide; and tampering with a consumer product.
[See FOC(EXHIBIT)]

Under the influence
means lacking the normal use of mental or physical faculties. Impairment of a
person’s physical or mental faculties may be evidenced by a pattern of abnormal or erratic behavior, the
presence of physical symptoms of drug or alcohol use, or by admission. A student “under the
influence” need not be legally intoxicated to trigger disciplinary action.

Use means voluntarily introducing into one’s body, by any means, a prohibited substance.

Zip gun is a device or combination of devices, not originally a firearm, but adapted to expel a
projectile through a smooth-bore or rifled-bore barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or
burning substance.  

C_DIGO DE CONDUCTA ESTUDIANTIL - espanol.pdf
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